Countries of the world

Pakistan

Let us start with our neighbour.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is the official name of Pakistan. Sixth most populous country.36th largest country in terms of area.

900px-Flag_of_Pakistan.svg     State_emblem_of_Pakistan.svg

Flag of Pakistan                                                             State Emblem

Capital  is    Islamabad

Largest city is Karachi

Official Language is English, Urdu

Currency is Pakistani Rupee(PKR)

Legislature is Majlis-e-Shoora

Government is Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Founder and first governor general of Pakistan  Muhammadali Jinnah

Mohammed_Ali_Jinnah,_Pres._of_India's_Moslem_League,_at_Karchi_in_1946

First prime Minister  was  Liaquat Ali Khan

220px-Pakistani_parliament_house

Parliament House

2. Bangladesh

People’s Republic of Bangladesh

bang

flag           National_emblem_of_Bangladesh.svg

Flag of Bangladesh                        State Emblem

Capital  is   Dhaka

Largest city is  Dhaka

Official Language is Bengali

Currency is Taka

Legislature is Jatiya Sangsad

Government is  Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Founder President of Bangladesh

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1950.jpg

3. Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Map of Nepal

Image result                                

National Flag         and                   State Emblem

The national flag of Nepal is the world’s only non-quadrilateral national flag. A landlocked country at the foothills of Himalayas

Capital  is    Kathmandu

Largest city Kathmandu

Official Language is Nepali

Currency is Nepalese Rupee

Legislature is Parliament

Government is Federal Parliamentary Republic

First President of Nepal

4.Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan

Flag of Bhutan             Emblem of BhutanState Emblem

Capital  is    Thimphu

Largest city  is Bhutan

Official Language is Dzongkha

Currency is Ngultrum and Indian Rupee

Legislature is Parliament

Government is Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

Father of Bhutan     Jigme Singye Wangchuck.jpg

King Jigme Singye Wangchuck

 

5.Myanmar

Republic of the Union of Myamar

Flag of Myanmar                    Coat of arms of Myanmar

National Flag      and            State Emblem

Capital  is   Naypyidaw

Largest city  Yangon

Official Language is Burmese

Currency is Kyat

Legislature is Assemly of the Union

Government is Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Sao Shwe Thaik.jpg  First President of Myanmar(Then Burma)

Aung San Suu Kyi 2016.jpg The most prominent political figure in the current Myanmar and the recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

6.Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Location of Sri Lanka

Flag of Sri Lanka                            Emblem of Sri Lanka

National Flag                 and            State Symbol

Capital    Jayawardenepure Kotte(admn), Colombo( commercial)

Largest city  Colombo

Official Language are  is Sinhalese, Tamil

Currency is sriLAnkan Rupee

Legislature is Parliament

Government is Unitary Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic

Official Photographic Portrait of Don Stephen Senanayaka (1884-1952).jpg First Prime Minister D S Senanayake

7.China

People’s Republic of China

Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.

Flag of the People's Republic of China                               National Emblem of the People's Republic of China

National Flag             and               State Emblem

Capital    Beijing

Largest city  Shanghai

Official Language Standard Chinese

Currency is Renminbi(yuan)

Legislature is National People’s Congress

Government is Unitary One-Party Socialist Republic

Dr. Sun in London.jpg  Father of Modern China

Mao Zedong portrait.jpg  Founding father of People’s Republic of China

8. Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Location of Afghanistan

Flag of Afghanistan                    Coat of arms of Afghanistan

National Flag           and          State Emblem

Capital   Kabul

Largest city   Kabul

Official Language  are Pashti , Dari

Currency is Afghani

Legislature is National Assembly

Government is Unitary Presidential Islamic Republic

  Ahmad Shah Durrani founder of last Afghan Empire ,is viewed as the father of the nation

Hamid Karzai in August 2009 cropped.jpg Hamid Karzai the 12th Afghan President

 

9.    United States

United States of America

Projection of North America with the United States in green

Flag of the United States                      Great Seal of the United States

National Flag           and          State Emblem

Capital   Washington D C

Largest city   New York

Official Language-  None, National Language English

Currency is US Dollar

Legislature is Congress

Government is Federal  Presidential Constitutional Republic

Draft of Declaration of American Independence

Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg

The First President  of USA

10. United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Island

Two islands to the north-west of continental Europe. Highlighted are the larger island and the north-eastern fifth of the smaller island to the west.

A flag featuring both cross and saltire in red, white and blue                     Coat of arms containing shield and crown in centre, flanked by lion and unicorn

National Flag           and          State Emblem

Capital  London

Largest city   London

Official Language  English

Currency is Pound Sterling

Legislature is Parliament

Government is Unitary  Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

11. Russia

Russian Federation

Location of Russia (green)Russian-administered Crimea (disputed; light green)a

Flag of Russia                           Coat of arms of Russia

National Flag           and         State Emblem

Capital  Moscow

Largest city   Moscow

Official Language  Russian

Currency is Russian Ruble

Legislature is Federal Assembly

Government is Federal Semi-Presidential constitutional Republic

      Peter the Great  , First Russian Emperor

Image result for lenin    Vadimir Lenin(led Bolshevik Revolution   against  Tsarist Govt and architect and First Head of the Soviet State)

Russia is a transcontinental country and so is a member of both the Council of Europe and the Asia Cooperation Dialogue

12. Japan

Nippon Koku( State of Japan)

Projection of Asia with Japan's Area coloured green

Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle [1]                                Golden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines

National Flag           and                  State Emblem

Capital  Tokyo

Largest city  Tokyo

Official Language  None , National Language   Japanese

Currency is Yen

Legislature is National Diet

Government is Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

  Emperor Jimmu ,the  First Emperor of Japan dated BAck to 660 BC.

His Accession is marked as National Foundation Day.

Current Emperor Akihito and his Queen

13. Germany

Federal Republic of germany

Location of  Germany  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Flag of Germany                          Coat of arms of Germany

National Flag           and                State Emblem

Capital  Berlin

Largest city  Berlin

Official Language German

Currency is Euro

Legislature  Upper house- Bundesrat and Lower House- Bundestag

Government is Federal  Parliamentary Republic

Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1990-023-06A, Otto von Bismarck.jpg  Otto Von Bismarck, Iron Chancellor who unified Germany of Ancient time

Adolf Hitler, Leader of Nazi Germany

After the Second Unification (of modern time), Germany played an important role in forming the European Union in 1993

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